7 Causes Of Brown Spots On Tongue

A healthy tongue is an important sign of our general health because it is one of the essential organs for speech and food taste. The tongue may sometimes develop stains, patches, and discolouration; these symptoms may not be problematic but may be signs of more serious issues.

Black Spots on the tongue can range in size from little dots to distinct brown patches on tongue, and they can be extremely frightening. The typical colour of a healthy tongue is pink. If you see any of these symptoms, don’t wait to tell your dentist or doctor so they can make the proper diagnosis.

What Causes Black Spots On Tongue?

You can identify the likely causes of black spots on tongue by reading the information below.

It Might Be The Way Your Tongue Naturally Appears

Even if you have never seen them earlier, dark or brown dots on your tongue can be a common occurrence. The tongue is a muscle that covers taste buds. The tongue moves the food around the mouth while the taste buds communicate flavour cues to the brain. When red wine or coffee stains them, these taste buds are visible to the human eye, may stick out and appear like dark spots.


The pigmentation process is what truly gives the hair, skin, and eyes their colours. Due to excessive pigmentation, which can result in dangerously high pigment concentrations, the tongue may acquire harmless black dots or spots. According to a case study, black spots on the tongue could be a sign of a hyperpigmentation problem. Usually, a few weeks after the completion of treatment, hyperpigmentation and chemotherapy-related brown or black areas disappear.

Geographic Tongue

A geographic tongue is one on which the top or side of the tongue develops smooth red dots. The origin of these marks is uncertain. They are noninvasive and typically disappear on their own. However, they might cause certain feelings while consuming hot, cold, salty, spicy, or acidic food items.

Tongue Infection

Dark spots may develop as a result of oral piercings and damage to the tongue. Dental professionals claim that a tongue injury might cause acute suffering. If you recently obtained an oral piercing, bit, cut, or otherwise injured it, a dark brown patch on your tongue may be a persistent sign of infection.

Chemical Exposure To The Tongue

The reaction between many chemicals and acids causes the top of the tongue to turn black. Chemical bismuth is a component of some drugs and may be the cause of the colour change. Even while the entire tongue frequently turns black, the change may first show up in isolated areas. Your tongue should return to its normal pink colour once you stop taking bismuth.


This illness causes white spots to appear on the tongue. Smoking, drinking, using tobacco products, wearing dentures, which can regularly traumatise the tongue, and using alcohol are the usual causes.

Rarely, serious conditions like cancer may be indicated by dark spots on the tongue. The black regions can symbolize wounds that don’t mend. Other symptoms of tongue cancer include lumps, irritation, and difficulty swallowing. If you see any of these symptoms, see a doctor straight soon.

Despite being a dangerous condition, early treatment has the best chance of being effective for tongue cancer. The medical condition leukoplakia, which is potentially precancerous, may be indicated by grey patches. Although the ailment is often mild, Since leukoplakia occasionally contain cancerous cells, they ought to be handled by a medical professional.

Lifestyle Of Inactivity

People who lead sedentary lifestyles, which include smoking and consuming alcohol, and few or no nutritious meals, may get dark patches on their tongues. Other important things to remember for a healthy mouth and preventing oral cancer are eating fruits and getting enough water.

How to Remove Black Spots on Tongue?

A black spots under tongue usually doesn’t require much treatment. Most of the time, consistently brushing your tongue with a toothbrush should help eliminate stains and dead skin cells within a few days.

However, you can typically treat the problem on your own:

  • To assist in manually removing bacteria and dead skin cells, gently brush your tongue twice a day with a soft toothbrush.
  • A tongue scraper can prevent skin cells from building up on your papillae by being used each time you clean your teeth.
  • After each meal, brush your teeth and tongue to prevent food particles and bacteria from becoming lodged in the papillae.
  • After drinking, brush your teeth right away to avoid stains from alcohol, coffee, and tea.
  • Put an end to your cigarette use. The best thing you can do for your health and the health of your tongue is to stop smoking or chewing tobacco. If you’re not yet ready to stop using tobacco, clean your teeth and tongue after each usage, which should be every two hours.
  • In the evening, floss. Plaque and food particles won’t accumulate in your mouth if you floss at least once a day.
  • Plan a cleaning session. You can maintain good dental health by seeing your dentist for a cleaning.
  • Be sure to hydrate yourself. As a result, you will be able to swallow dead skin cells and keep your mouth moist.
  • You can make more saliva to wash away dead skin cells by chewing sugar-free gum or gum made for persons with dry mouths. Chewing gum also aids in releasing skin cells that have become stuck.
  • Follow a healthy diet. Your oral bacteria will remain in a healthy balance if you consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and whole grains.

why is my tongue brown?

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Final Words

The first step in attempting to get rid of dark spots on tongue is to improve oral hygiene. Brush your tongue in addition to using a soft-bristle toothbrush twice a day and flossing every day. If the spots go away after brushing, there might be no need for continued treatment. Visit your oral healthcare professional, though, if the spots persist. They can aid in identifying the problem’s cause and the best course of action.

What Disease Causes Black Spots on Tongue?

The presence of black patches on the tongue may indicate malignancy. However, lesions or scabs that do not heal are more typical symptoms of tongue cancer.

Why Is My Tongue Brown?

The reasons for brown tongue include smoking, excessive coffee or tea use, and poor dental hygiene. The nodules can enlarge and make the tongue appear hairy if they are left untreated. It may indicate lung issues brought on by chronic smoking if your tongue is permanently brown.

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