Abscessed Tooth: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

An abscess is a pus-filled pocket that develops around the affected tooth root. Anyone may purchase one, including little children and the elderly. If you have one, it won’t get better on its own. You require care from a dentist or endodontist, a professional who can help you save your tooth. If you don’t treat it, the infection might spread to your neck, brain, or other body areas in addition to your jaw.

What Signs Point To An Abscessed Tooth?

The tooth’s surrounding region occasionally aches, but not usually. If it happens, it often hurts badly, especially when you apply pressure on the tooth. It can have moved from the affected side to your jaw or other facial features.

Other things to note are:

  • Swelling
  • A reddened gum
  • A bad flavor
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Breathing or swallowing issues
  • Cold or hot temperature sensitivity
  • Floppy gums
  • When you chew with that tooth, a foul odor

On your gums, an abscess might occasionally seem like a pimple. You definitely have an abscessed tooth if you press on it and liquid comes out. Pus is that liquid.

Visit the emergency department if you have a fever, facial swelling, problems breathing, or swallowing. Besides it’s possible that the illness has migrated to other areas of your body.

What Triggers It?

Bacteria that enters your gums or teeth might lead to an abscess in your mouth. But how this occurs varies according to the kind of abscess:

Abscess In The Periapex:

Bacteria often enter your teeth’s pulp through a cavity. The soft inside of your tooth refers to as the “pulp.” It is made up of blood vessels, connective tissue, and nerves.

Abscess In The Gums:

This kind typically results from gum disease, although it can also be brought on by an accident.

Gingival Abscess :

Dental abscess Your gums become infected by a foreign object, such as a popcorn husk or toothbrush bristle.

How Does It Get Treated?

Clearing out the infection and reducing discomfort are the main goals of treatment for an abscessed tooth. However depending on your symptoms, your dentist may recommend a dental X-ray as their initial course of action. So, they can use this to determine if the virus has migrated to other regions.

Treatment options depend on the kind and severity of your abscess and include:

The Abscess Being Drained:

To drain the pus, your dentist will make a tiny cut in the abscess. So, the region will clean with a saline solution.

A Root Canal Treatment:

Drilling is used during a root canal to remove any diseased pulp and drain the abscess from the damaged tooth. Your dentist will next fill and seal the root canal as well as the pulp chamber, which contains the pulp. To reinforce it, they could additionally cover your tooth in a crown. A crown operation is often performed at a different visit.

Tooth Removal:

Before draining the abscess, your dentist could remove your tooth if it is extremely damaged. If the tooth cannot be salvaged, your dentist may extract it and then drain the abscess.


Your dentist could suggest oral medicines to help clear the infection if it has spread outside of the abscessed region or if you have a compromised immune system.

Can A Tooth Abscess Be Prevented?

Follow these easy actions to maintain healthy teeth and gums:

  • Regularly see the dentist for cleanings and exams.
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes.
  • To get rid of plaque between your teeth and gums, floss every day.
  • If you have a fractured or loose tooth, schedule an appointment with the dentist right away.
  • Eat and drink less sweet things. In the same way cavities brought on by sugary foods and beverages might result in an abscess.
  • Reduce the number of between-meal snacks.

Are There Any Difficulties?

Any abscessed tooth should be attended to by a dentist. Your doctor should check the region and clean it even if it has already ruptured in order to prevent the infection from spreading.

If left untreated, an infection has the potential to spread to your jaw, other head and neck organs, and even your brain. Seldom, it may even result in sepsis. Though this infectious consequence is potentially fatal.

If you have an abscessed tooth with the following conditions:

  • Acute fever
  • One’s face swells
  • Having trouble swallowing
  • Quick heartbeat

All of them indicate a dangerous infection that needs to be treated right once.


Go to the emergency department if you have a fever and facial swelling and can’t get in touch with your dentist. Moreover, if you are having problems breathing or swallowing, visit the emergency department as well. These signs might mean that the infection has penetrated farther into your jaw, throat, neck, or perhaps other parts of your body.

How Can You Prevent The Spread Of An Abscessed Tooth?

Anyone who thinks their tooth infection may have spread should consult a doctor right once. Keeping proper dental hygiene is the most efficient strategy to prevent tooth infections. People can do this by consuming less sugar, cleaning their teeth twice daily, and going to the dentist frequently.

Is It Possible To Treat A Tooth Abscess Non-Surgically?

Dentists typically treat dental abscesses. The dentist will take the pus out. If the abscess was brought on by a dental issue, you could require root canal therapy or perhaps tooth extraction. You will receive a local anesthetic to relieve your pain.

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